When staying in the Jeseník Mountains, you will definitely not miss the Praděd National Nature Reserve. Praděd Reservation is one of the largest reservations in the Czech Republic. The reason for its creation is the protection of ecosystems, which are tied to the highest peaks of the Hrubý Jeseník mountains. It was established in 1991, when six nature reserves merged into one whole. The state reserves Petrovy kameny, the peak of Praděd, Bílá Opava, Divoký důl, Velká and Malá kotlina created the largest reserves in the Jeseníky Protected Landscape Area.
Information for visitors
Interesting facts Praděd
You will find nature of various character here
You don't have to visit the polar regions or go to the Alps to see the characteristic landscape of the Nordic tundra. You can also find it in the Praděd reservation in the highest positions of the Jeseníky Mountains. You can admire the spring, peak rocks, forest-free, avalanche tracks and other parts of the tundra at altitudes above 1,300 meters. In the lower positions you will already meet the forest, mostly beeches and spruces. Another lower vegetation then completes the impression of a forest. Local spruce has been preserved in some areas. You will recognize it by its narrow cone-shaped crown and sloping branches.
Rare plants and animals
Some important plants and animals are also subject to protection. The most famous are alpine-type lawns, in which fescue, sedge, anemone or bearded bell grow. Rock vegetation is represented by more than 400 species. Alpine starfish, carnation carnation, hopscotch or stonecrop will impress not only with their appearance but also with their name. The herbs on the forest border also stand out in their originality - the Alpine milkweed, the Austrian chamois, the Solomon's thistle or the garlic hare are definitely not commonly known plant names. You will find other interesting plants in the crevices of the rocks. Of the many local animals, alpine butterflies are very rare.
The problem is kneeling and skiing
From the end of the 19th century, a kneeling plant was planted here, which is cleared as a non-native plant. The development of downhill skiing does not benefit the landscape either. Through the reservation you can walk along the many hiking trails that connect the most interesting places in the area. You can also use nature trails that will introduce you to the most beautiful valley or the nature of the original glacier cauldron.
Author: Helena Syslová