Flower Garden in Kroměříž
When visiting Kroměříž, a beautiful historic town in the fertile Haná region, you must not forget to visit the Flower Garden. Together with the Archbishop's Castle and the Podzámecká Garden, it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1998. The flower garden is located about a kilometer from the castle and a well-marked route through the city streets leads to it. Interesting buildings, beautiful flowerbeds with colorful flowers, hedge trimmings, fountains and statues await you here. It will be interesting for children to walk through one of the two mazes formed by hedges, each of them will especially appreciate the pleasant shade of the alley of trees in the left rear, especially in warm weather.
Information for visitors
Interesting facts Flower Garden in Kroměříž
The garden was built in the years 1665-1675 by Bishop Charles II. From Liechtenstein and the project was developed by the Italian architect Giovanni Pietro Tencally. It is an early Baroque work, which today in its overall concept has no analogues not only in our country, but also in the world. The style of French gardens with typical geometric elements can be read most clearly here, but there is also a great influence of Italian and Dutch. The original name of the garden was Libosad, which is still used today. To this day, the garden also has its original rectangular floor plan with dimensions of 485x300 m. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the garden underwent minor modifications, but these did not detract from the charm and originality of its original appearance.
It is only from the beginning of the 19th century that the entrance and two greenhouses on the sides come, which together form the Court of Honor opening into the garden. To the right of the entrance is the Tropical Greenhouse, where, as the name suggests, thermophilic plants are grown. On the left is the Hrubý greenhouse (also Studený), which today no longer fully fulfills its function, but often hosts various plant exhibitions.
The dominant feature of the garden is the central octagonal Rotunda. Its interior walls are decorated with rich fresco and stucco decoration. An interesting feature is Foucault's pendulum, suspended on a 25 m long cable in the middle of the rotunda. On the table below it, he writes his path in the fine sand and thus shows the rotation of the Earth. The pendulum retains its orbital path, while the various drawings in the sand are the result of the rotation of our planet.
The whole side of the garden consists of a 244 m long colonnade, which was formerly the entrance. You can admire a total of 44 statues of ancient deities, heroes and mythical figures and the same number of busts, which are located above the individual pillars. At the beginning of the colonnade, it is possible to climb the stairs to its roof, where you will have part of the garden in the palm of your hand. Only from here will its symmetrical geometric shapes stand out.
The flower garden is open all year round in good weather, but of course you will enjoy its beauty the most in spring and summer. It was then that the greenery of the bushes and trees and the flowers playing in all colors create magical scenery.
Author: Martina Limbergová