In the district of Děčín, about 4 km from Česká Kamenice, in the west of the Lusatian Mountains, we find Zlatý vrch, a basalt hill in the magical region of Bohemian Switzerland.
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Interesting facts Golden Hill
The escape of the Golden Hill
Only 6 km from Zlatý vrch is Panská skála, with which Zlatý vrch is often confused thanks to the basalt organ. What they have in common, among other things, is that both natural attractions were inscribed on the list of national natural monuments in 1964. The reason for the national protection of Zlatý vrch is the perfectly advanced columnar separation in the body of olivine alkaline basalt, also known as stone organ stone columns up to 30 meters.
History of Zlatý vrch
The Zlatý vrch quarry was opened in 1870 and mining was terminated in 1940. Together with the neighboring Stříbrný vrch, Zlatý vrch was declared protected that year. However, mining was resumed before the end of World War II and continued after World War II. For the second time, Zlatý vrch was declared a protected area in 1946. Mining here was definitively terminated on November 27, 1973.
It was then that the entire quarry wall with 30-meter-high basalt columns was discovered, which were allegedly used during the construction of seawalls in the Netherlands.
About Golden Hill
The slopes and the very top of Zlatý vrch are covered with beech forest with ash trees, maples and oaks. It was formed due to the erosion of the Upper Cretaceous sandstone formation. The body that forms the basalt consists of two different parts, the lower one revealing the quarry and is formed, as already mentioned, by basalt columns up to 30 meters high and about 30 cm in diameter. In the second, upper part, the columns are arranged vertically and their diameter tapers downwards and tilts, so that they resemble the shape of a fan.
Author: Andrea Štyndlová