Žlunické polesí can be found in the Jičín region near the village of Sekeřice. This natural monument covers an area of 231 hectares and is defined by the villages of Sekeřice, Žlunice, Slavhostice and Chroustov. The Žlunické polesí was declared a natural monument in 1990. The reason for declaring protection is the effort to preserve forest stands and protected and endangered plant species, especially oaks and hornbeams and thermophilic plants. The composition of the local vegetation is typical of the Jičín region.
Information for visitors
Interesting facts Žlunice woods
The forest is home to rare plants
Where the forest stand is permanent, maintained only with minimal or no human intervention, you will find not only common plant species, but also some of the rare plants that do not occur in other similar localities. In the Žlunice Forest you will find, for example, hairy St. John's wort, blue-backed woodpecker, single-flowered woodpecker, pea vetch and Kashubian vetch, large-flowered honeysuckle and other less common plants.
The forest is also interesting from a geological point of view
The natural monument itself is located on a flat hill, which is part of the Východolabská board. The soil here consists mainly of sediments, calcareous claystones and siltstones. On the surface there are gravels and sands typical of Cidlina terraces. The composition of the surface also creates suitable conditions for the growth of vegetation typical of the Jičín region.
Endangered animals have found refuge here
The forest provides the possibility of shelter and nesting for endangered bird species. At the edge of the forest, you can meet a nesting forest oriole, and predators include the common sparrowhawk, the wood hawk or the buzzard. Of course, you can also observe the usual species of animals that inhabit forests of this type. The animal inhabitants are relatively quiet here, the woods lie away from popular hiking trails. However, if you visit this area, you will have the opportunity to see and hear these less common animals and observe the local vegetation.
Author: Helena Syslová