When the Czech nation is at its worst, Mount Blaník will open and an army of Knights of Blanice, led by St. Wenceslas himself, will come out to help. At least that's what the legend says about this hill in the Central Bohemian Region. If there is any truth to it, it is not known, it has probably not been the worst yet, but it still attracts quite a few tourists. But not only is the legend responsible for the popularity of this corner of our country, but also the natural heritage plays a part.
Information for visitors
Interesting facts Blaník
The Blaník hill is not characterized by a huge height, it measures only 638 m above sea level, yet it belongs to the frequently visited peaks. It is the highest point of the protected landscape area Blaník, which extends south of the town Vlašim. The PLA is the smallest in the Czech Republic, with an area of only 40.3 km2. In addition to Velký Blaník, the area is dominated by Malý Blaník (580 m above sea level), Křížovská hůra (580 m above sea level) and Býkovická hůrka (562 m above sea level).
The area is characterized by a mosaic consisting of alternating forests, meadows, fields and ponds, where smaller villages with folk cottages, farms and dominant sacral monuments fit nicely. Over 30% of the PLA area is covered by forests mainly made up of spruce and pine vegetation. Wetland and aquatic plants often thrive here, which thrive in ponds, ponds, waterlogged meadows and the like. Many streams and the Balnice river spring and flow in the whole area. The rarer plants include, for example, round-leaved sundew, broad-leaved sundew, flowering bass, cuckoo orchid or golden-headed lily. In addition to many species of insects, amphibians, fish and birds, 40 species of mammals live in the Blaník Protected Landscape Area, including rare representatives such as the black and large bat, the river otter, the red squirrel and the black shrew.
The largest municipalities are Louňovice pod Blaníkem, where the PLA administration is located. The history of today's town is connected with the founding of a female Premonstratensian monastery in the local forests in the 12th century. In less than three centuries, however, this monastery was conquered and burned, thus disappearing. The exposition at the local chateau is devoted to the archaeological research of the monastery. Unfortunately, it has long since lost its historical value through careless interventions.
Tourists are looking for the Blaník area and its surroundings because of the beautiful, typically rural landscape, peace and quiet. The legend of the Knights of Blanica adds a mysterious and romantic charm to everything.
Author: Martina Limbergová