In the direction north of Hradec Králové, in the north-eastern part of Bohemia, lies the district town of Trutnov, considered the gateway to the Giant Mountains. The town through which the river Úpa flows has picturesque surroundings with wooded hills and slopes and thanks to its location is a great starting point for many hiking trails, one of which is called the War of 1866, located at the southern tip of Trutnov and takes visitors around monuments reminiscent of one from the battles of the 19th century. The historical center of Trutnov is today a city monument zone.
Information for visitors
Interesting facts Trutnov
History of the town
Historical sources mention Trutnov for the first time in connection with the year 1260, when the place is described as the village of Úpa, located near the trade route. Since 1301, the village is mentioned as Nový Trutnov.
During the Hussite wars, Trutnov was conquered, later the town joined the Hussites and fought on their side. Throughout the 16th century, Trutnov was a dowry town belonging to Czech queens. At that time, a water supply system was built in Trutnov and it was granted the right to brew, which resulted in the development of brewing and the construction of a burgher brewery in 1582.
The city's decline occurred during the Thirty Years' War, when it was twice attacked by Swedish troops, after which the city was depopulated and destroyed. Another blow to the town was the plague epidemic and fire that broke out here in 1745 and later in 1861. Shortly afterwards, in 1866, the Prussian Austrian War took place near Trutnov, which, in addition to the aforementioned trail, is also commemorated by the memorial on Šibeník Hill. The remains of the Austrian lieutenant marshal, who died in this battle, were buried in its foundations.
For Trutnov, the nineteenth century meant the development of the textile industry and the construction of a railway line. In 1947, the municipalities of Horní Staré Město, Volanov, Voletiny and Poříčí were annexed to the town of Trutnov.
Sights and interesting places
The city monument zone in Trutnov includes the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, the town hall, a former castle and a number of burgher houses. The center of the square is occupied by the Holy Trinity and a fountain with a sculpture of the Krakonoše Mountains.
To the west of Trutnov, several ponds were built, which are popular with tourists, especially in summer.
In the direction southwest of the city is Dvůr Králové nad Labem with a unique ZOO.
Author: Andrea Štyndlová