The district town of Přerov lies in the approximate center of Moravia and in the Olomouc Region. It is an important traffic junction and the seat of major industrial companies, such as Precheza, Přerov Engineering Works and Meopta. The city is also associated with the names of many important personalities, we can find the Comenius Museum and the oldest pedagogical museum in the Czech Republic.
Information for visitors
Interesting facts Přerov
History of the town
The oldest mention of Přerov dates back to 1131, however, in the 11th century, an early medieval fortified settlement is mentioned in this area. The document of the Bishop of Olomouc Jindřich Zdík also mentions, among other things, the great parish church of St. George, which was then one of the seven most important churches in Moravia.
In 1256, Přerov was Přemysl Otakar II. was promoted to a royal city, and after the railway leading to Olomouc to Vienna was crossed through Přerov, the city began to develop more.
The center of today's historic center is the Upper Square, surrounded by houses from the 15th century. Přerov Castle can be found near the square and was built on the site of a former castle with a Romanesque tower. The mentioned Comenius Museum can be found in the chateau.
At the end of the Second World War, the Přerov uprising was suppressed here, and after the war, a massacre took place on the Swedish Chance. During the communist era, the population of Přerov grew and industry developed significantly in the town.
Landmarks and important places
Přerov Horní náměstí has been a city monument zone since 1992. It also includes a complex of walls and Renaissance houses. One of the most important is the house no. 31, the so-called Corvinus House, which has a Renaissance portal from the second half of the 16th century. A part of the city's monument zone is, of course, also a renaissance chateau with a lookout tower.
Since 1966, the Czechoslovak Jazz Festival has been held in Přerov every October, and there are a number of local history and hiking trails in the vicinity of the town. Right in the city is the city park Michalov, which is the most valuable city park in Central Moravia and one of the most valuable in the Czech Republic.
Author: Andrea Štyndlová