A city with a rich history, a unique atmosphere, a city which, thanks to its location, has earned the name "gate of Šumava", known as Klatovy and lies about 40 km south of Pilsen. At present, Klatovy has about 23,000 inhabitants and visitors can admire a number of monuments, built in styles from Gothic to modern architecture.
Information for visitors
Interesting facts Klatovy
History of the town
Judging by the archeological findings, the area of today's Klatovy was inhabited as early as prehistoric times. In those days, however, there was a market settlement, even longer before Přemysl Otakar II in 1260. founded the city.
From the very beginning of its history, this could benefit from an advantageous location, as it was located on an important trade route that led from Bohemia to Bavaria. In the 13th century, the city acquired walls with moats and a dean's church was also built here. Under the Luxembourgs, the city was granted the right of mile, the right of the annual market or the right to die.
During the Hussite wars, Klatovy became a stronghold of the Hussites and after the battle of Lipany they stood by King George of Poděbrady. The sixteenth century brought prosperity to the city, a Renaissance town hall, a parish church and town houses were built here.
The decline of the city was brought about by the Thirty Years' War, when there was violent re-Catholicization, extensive confiscations and frequent fires. Negative traces in Klatovy also left invasions by foreign troops, and a positive period did not occur until 1636, when the Jesuits came here. Thanks to them, a dormitory with a seminary, the church of St. Ignatius and the Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary.
In 1689, however, the city was hit by a devastating fire, which severely affected the architectural form of the city. During the first half of the 19th century, the textile industry developed here, and the linen and spinning manufactory was established.
During the 20th century, the District Court, a bank and a museum were built in Klatovy. During World War II, Klatovy became part of the German Empire, and during the American liberation, the city was severely damaged by bombing.
Sights and interesting places
The unique landmark of Klatovy is the 81 meter high Black Tower, the work of Antonia de Salla, from where there is a magical view of the city and its surroundings.
Also worth mentioning is the Baroque Church of the Immaculate Conception and the Church of St. Ignatius, under which are extensive catacombs, formerly used as a burial ground for monks.
The Renaissance building of the Klatovy town hall is also interesting, as Josef Fanta took part in its reconstruction.
Author: Andrea Štyndlová